Margaret Sanger; Voyage Through Debate and Diplomacy

Word Count: 1281

"Archbishop Hayes on Birth Control," New York Times, December 18, 1921, pg 16.

In this article summarizing Archbishop Hayes’ pastoral letter I was able to gain an understanding on Archbishop Hayes’ opinion on birth control. This newspaper article provided quotes along with a summarization. I was able to use these quotes from Archbishop Hayes in my outline along with other statistics provided, like he delivered the sermon in front of 300 masses. The credibility is very solid considering it came from a newspaper article in 1920 directly after the happening. The newspaper that it was published in is also a well-known respected paper.

"Birth Control Debate." Interview by Winter Russell. Web

This is a book containing Winter Russell’s opposing opinions about Birth Control that was initially from an interview. Margaret Sanger’s response to his argument is also included. I used this book from the 1920’s to supply me with the information of the Russell v. Sanger debate. I was able to grab quotes from the book along with analyze it to supply myself with their opinions. I know this is credible because it came straight from the time period of when the event occurred and is exact quotes from Sanger and Russell.

Dew, Diane S. "Margaret Sanger, Founder of Planned Parenthood, In Her Own Words." A Love I Could Not Deny. 2001. Web. 17 Nov. 2010. <>.

This website gave me quotes directly from Margaret Sanger. Her quotes allowed me to grasp her perspective on birth control and why it’ll be beneficial towards humankind’s advancement. Some people argued that Margaret Sanger was racist and was trying to “purify” breeding through eugenics, and the quotes provided helped me better understand her stance on the topic. I know the creator of this website, Diane Dew, was credible because after each quote from Margaret Sanger she provides information informing the reader’s where she received the quote. Diane Dew also her own Pro-Life campaign organization showing that she’s well educated on birth control options.

Margaret Sanger Papers. The Complete Dainty Maid Outfit. Margaret Sanger Papers. Print.

This primary source contains a picture from one of Margaret Sanger’s brochures. It’s contains one of her gynecologic products created for hygiene. By looking at this brochure I can see Margaret Sanger’s historical significance by creating products to benefit women. This source comes straight from my topic of interest and was printed through one of Margaret Sanger’s publications. This proves the source is reliable. The brochure helped me better understand the time period and grasp an understanding on what products were being offered to women versus what products were still raising controversary,

Mccombe, Leonard. Patient Walter Brainerd. 1969. Photograph. LIFE, New York.

This source shows a picture outside one of Margaret Sanger’s birth control facilities, and a man leaving the clinic after receiving a service. By looking at the picture from the era, I was able to gain a better understanding of how the issue was treated in the 19th century. This picture was part of a very acclaimed magazine’s album, LIFE, adding to it’s credibility. Along side the picture a description of when/where the picture was taken was placed and who the photographer was.

"Mrs.Sanger Replies to Archbishop Hayes." New York Times [New York] 1921. Print.

Just like Archbishop Hayes’ newspaper article, this is an article containing Sanger’s response to Hayes’ argument. The article provided a direct speech from Margaret Sanger after Hayes’ released his sermon. I was able to grab quotes form this excerpt and use them as part of my History Day project. I know it’s reliable because it’s an exact replica of Margaret Sanger’s speech and comes from a very respectable newspaper company in the 1920’s.

Portrait of Margaret Sanger. 1927. Photograph. LIFE, U

A portrait of Margaret Sanger was provided through this source. Although this holds little information pertaining to the central issue of birth control, it’s important to know who the founder is and their external features. Receiving this source from an acclaimed photography magazine, LIFE, I find the information to be very credible. The photographer’s information was also provided. The picture may be included in my choice of presentation (exhibition, website, etc.)

Ross, Pat. "Margaret Sanger." Young and Female; Turning Points in the Lives of Eight American Women, Personal Accounts. New York: Random House, 1972. 57-70. Print.

This book provided information on 8 life-changing women, including Margaret Sanger’s first hand account. By reading her story I was able to know her perspective on the issue and see any incidents through her eyes. I was also able to learn about what motivated her to become so active in women’s rights. When studying Margaret Sanger’s fight for birth control I know that an autobiography on Margaret Sanger will be a very reliable source.  The article contained lots of information that I’ll be able to use in my project.

The New York Times, ed. "Police Veto Halts Birth Control Talk; Town Hall In Tumult." American Decades Primary Sources. Farmington Hills: Gale Group, 2004. 484-87. Print.

When chaos broke out due to one of Margaret Sanger’s speeches, The New York Times wrote an article about it. This is an article from the 19th century describing the event. Through this article I was able to see the event more vividly. The editor talked a lot about how this event turned into a civil rights issue, and I learned how injustices were done to Margaret Sanger through US’ suppressed government.  Having it being an article coming directly from the time period Margaret Sanger rallied in proves the credibility of this source along with the article being from The New York times, a reputable newspaper company.